November 2023-October 2028
Grant Agreement ID: 101115804
This proposal is composed of three empirical projects to advance our understanding on the specific conditionsand frictions faced by financial institutions operating in low and middle-income countries. Understanding these aspects is crucial to elaborate policies of financial regulation and government intervention that promote structural transformation and development.
1. Ethnic Banking and Central Bank Independence. This project plans to study the political economy frictions behind financial regulation in Africa. Combining bank balance sheets and information on bank chief executive officers (CEOs), we will measure the ethnic connotation of banks and the co-ethnicity between CEOs and regulators. We will then investigate the existence of ethnic favoritism in banking, the political use of financial regulation and the role of central bank independence in alleviating this friction.
2. Branch Organization, Multiculturalism and Conflict. Organizations decide their internal hierarchy considering the tradeoff between the use of knowledge and the internal frictions in communication and coordination. These frictions may be particularly high in the presence of a multicultural workforce and if conflict exacerbates within-organization differences. Building new data on hierarchy and management practices among Ethiopian bank branches and an experimental survey of lending discrimination, we plan to study the effect of conflict on the internal organization of banks, their hierarchy and effects on lending markets.
3. Market Incompleteness and Non-Performing Loans (NPLs). Structural transformation implies a move from low to high-productivity sectors. However, incomplete markets prevent banks from selling loans from low-productivity sectors and instead oblige banks to hold NPLs, depressing the financing of structural transformation. This project plans to study the introduction of the first Asset Management Companies focusing on NPL in China, with heterogenous presence across firms and cities.
Articles on Bocconi Knowledge:
This project has been funded by the European Research Council (ERC) under the European Union’s Horizon Europe research and innovation programme.